How Does a Boiler System Work?
It looks a lot different from the system at your neighbors’ house.
Understanding Boiler Systems
When you go into the basement of your home or office and see a boiler system being used for heat, you will be looking at a system that is quite different from the HVAC at a neighbor’s house or a brand-new office facility. “How does a boiler system work?” you ask.
Although a boiler system is different, it is efficient and effective in keeping a family or office workers warm. If you have ever seen a tea kettle in action, you will understand the basic principle of how a boiler system operates. Just as a tea kettle heats water then releases steam when the water is boiling, a boiler system heats water until it becomes steam and is then used to heat the facility. The steam rises quickly from the boiler in the basement, expanding to over 1,000 times its original volume.
Radiators Warm the Rooms
As the steam enters the various radiators, it pushes air out of the radiators then warms the room. As the steam cools, it condenses into water then flows downward through a return pipe to the boiler. There it is again heated, turns into steam and the cycle continues.
Simple principles are in operation here and make good teaching moments for children in the house. Hot air rises. In this case as steam. And water runs downhill. Gravity works every time.
Get in touch with EvenFlo for a thorough, professional checkup of your system.
Instruments Help Keep an Eye on the System
For industrial uses, the boiler might have several important gauges to guarantee that the system is operating correctly. Usually, a gauge will help monitor the pressure inside the boiler and shut down the boiler system if the pressure gets beyond recommended limits. The low water cut off will determine if a leak has somehow drained the system of water and prevent the boiler from continuing to burn when there is no water.
Another helpful instrument is the site glass which enables the technician to see the level of water in the boiler. If the level is fluctuating wildly, this could be an indication that oil has gotten into the water and making it difficult to produce steam. Finally, there will be some blow-down controls for the technician to use occasionally to blow out the impurities from the system and helping it to run more efficiently.
If you live in the Baltimore area, call the professionals at EvenFlo today to schedule an annual check of your boiler system. Don’t wait for a below-freezing day to learn that you have a heating problem.